Student Publications

 Fogarty International Center
National Institutes of Health
Grant Number 5 R25 TW001599-17


SARETI Student Publications


  • Irabor, D.O. (2006). Informed consent for surgery: A historical review. West African Journal of Medicine, 25, 301-304. [download]
  • Manafa, O., Lindegger, G., & IJsselmuiden, G. (2006). Informed consent in a clinical trials: participants' satisfaction of the consent process and voluntariness of participation. Online Journal of Health Ethics, 1(1). [download]


  • Ikingura, J.K., Kruger, M., & Zeleke, W. (2007). Health research ethics review and needs of instutitional ethics committees in Tanzania. Tanzanian Health Research Bulletin, 9(3), 154-158. [download]
  • Kass, N.E., Hyder, A.A., Ajuwon, A., Appiah-Poku, J., Barsdorf, N., Elsayed, D.E., Mokhachane, M., Mupenda, B., Ndebele, P., Ndossi, G., Sikateyo, B., Tangwa, G., & Tindana, P. (2007). The structure and function of research ethics committees in Africa: a case study. PLos Med, 4(1):e3. [download]
  • Krieger, J.N., Bailey, R.C., Opeya, J.C., Ayieko, B.O., Opiyo, F.A., Omondi, D., Agot, K., Parker, C., Ndinya-Achola, J.O., & Moses, S. (2007). Adult male circumcision outcomes: experience in a developing country setting. Urologia Internationalis, 78(3), 235-240.
  • Manafa, O., Lindegger, G., & IJsselmuiden, C. (2007). Informed consent in an antiretroviral trial in Nigeria. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 4, 26-30. [download]
  • Nyika, A. (2007). Ethical and regulatory issues surrounding African traditional medicine in the context of HIV/Aids. Developing World Bioethics, 7(1):25-34. Doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2006.00157.x. [download]
  • Starling, B., Kamuya, D., Gikonyo, C., Molyneux, C.S., & Marsh, V. (2007). Utafiti in coastal Kenya. Science and Public Affairs 10-11 (June 2007). [download]


  • Gikonyo, C., Bejon, M., Marsh, V., & Molyneux, S. (2008). Taking social relationships seriously: lessons learned from the informed consent practices of a vaccine trial on the Kenyan coast. Social Science & Medicine, 67, 708-720. [download]
  • Marsh, V., Kamuya, D., Rowa, Y., Gikonyo, C., & Molyneux, S. (2008). Beginning community engagement at a busy biomedical research programme: Experiences from the KEMRI CGMRC-Wellcome Trust research programme, Kilifi, Kenya. Social Scienc & Medicine, 67, 721-733. [download]
  • Masiye, F., Kass, N., Hyder, A., Ndebele, P., & Mfutso-Bengo, J. (2008). Why mothers choose to enrol their children in malaria clinical studies and the involvement of relatives in decision-making: evidence from Malawi. Malawi Medical Journal, 20, 50-556. [download]
  • Mfutso-Bengo, J., Ndebele, P., & Masiye, F. (2008). Disseminating research results to research participants and their communities. Malawi Medical Journal, 20, 64-66. [download]
  • Mfutso-Bengo, J., Masiye, F., Molyneux, M., Ndebele, P., & Chilungo, A. (2008). Why do people refuse to take part in medical research studies? Evidence from a resource-poor area. Malawi Medical Journal, 20 57-63. [download]
  • Mfutso-Bengo, J., Ndebele, P., Jumbe, V., Mkunthi, M., Masiye, F., Molyneux, S., & Molyneux, M. (2008). Why do individuals agree to enrol in clinical trials? A qualitative study of health research participation in Blantyre, Malawi. Malawi Medical Journal, 20(2), 37-41. [download]
  • Ndebele, P., & Musesengwa,. R. (2008). Will developing countries benefit from participation in genetics research? Malawi Medical Journal, 20, 67-69. [download]
  • Ndebele, P., Mfutso-Bengo, J., & Mduluza, T. (2008). Compensating clinical trial participants from limited resource settings in internationally sponsored clinical trials: a proposal. Malawi Medical Journal, 20(2), 42-45. [download]
  • Obonyo, C., Omondi, D.S.A., & Mwinzi, P. (2008). Public health crisis after the election violence in Kenya. Lancet, 371, 1319-1321. [download]


  • Chi, C.P. (2009). Primary health care in Cameroon: evolution, key short-comings and proposed strategies for improvement. Ebonyi Medical Journal, 8(1).
  • Chukwuneke, F.N., Onwuekwe, I.C., & Ekwueme, O.C. (2009). The use of placebo in clinical trials: An overview of the ethical issues involved for the protection of human research participants. Journal of College Medicine, 14(1), 85-89.
  • Irabor, D.O., & Omonzejele, P. (2009). Local attitudes, moral obligation, customary obedience and other cultural practices: Their influence on the process of gaining informed consent for surgery in a tertiary institution in a developing country. Developing World Bioethics, 9(1), 34-42; ISSN 1471-8731 (print); 1471-8847 (online) doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2007.00198. [download]
  • Irabor, D.O. (2009). The 'difficult surgical patient' in a developing world context. How cultural beliefs, local customs and superstition affect surgical treatment. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 19(3), 81-83. [download]
  • Wen Kilama & Aceme Nyika. (2009). Guest Editors. Health Research in Africa: Ethical and practical challenges. Acta Tropica, 112(1).
  • Munung, N.S., Asahngwa, C., & Chi, P.C. (2009). Ethical considerations in instructions to authors of some journals published in Cameroon. Ebonyi Medical Journal, 8(2), 76-79. [download]
  • Nyika, A. (2009). Animal research ethics in Africa: an overview. Acta Tropica, 112(1), S48-S52. [download]
  • Nyika, A. (2009). Ethical and practical challenges surrounding genetic and genomic research in developing countries. Acta Tropica, 112(1), S21-S31. [download]
  • Nyika, A. (2009). Professional ethics: an overview from health research ethics point of view. Acta Tropica, 112(1), S84-S90.[download]
  • Nyika, A. (2009). The ethics of improving African traditional medical practice: Scientific or African traditional research methods? Acta Tropica, 112(1), S32-S36. [download]
  • Nyika, A., Kilama, W., Chilengi, R., Tangwa, G., Tindana, P., Ndebele, P., & Ikingura, J. (2009). Composition, training needs and independence of ethics review committees across Africa: are the gate-keepers rising to the emerging challenges? Journal of Medical Ethics, 35(3), 189-193. [download]
  • Nyika, A., Kilama, W.L., Tangwa, G.B., Chilengi, R., & Tindana, P. (2009). Capacity building of ethics review committees across Africa based on the results of a comprehensive needs assessment survey. Developing World Bioethics, 9(3), 149-156; doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2008.00243.x. [download]
  • Nyika, A., Wassenaar, D.R., & Mamotte, N. (2009). The effect of relationships on decision-making processes of women in Harare, Zimbabwe. Ethics & Behavior, 19(3), 184-200. [download]
  • Umeora, O.U.J., & Chukwuneke, F.N. (2009). Ethics and biomedical research in Southeast Nigeria (editorial). Ebonyi Medical Journal, 8(1), 2-3.


  • Ateudjieu, J., Williams, J., Hirtle, M., Baume, C., Ikingura, J., Niare, A., & Sprumont, D. (2010). Training needs assessment in research ethics evaluation among research ethics committee members in three African countries: Cameroon, Mali and Tanzani. Developing World Bioethics, 10(2), 88-98. [download]
  • Chukwuneke, F.N., & Umeora, O.U.J. (2010). Ethical and human rights issues in routine antenatal HIV testing: a critical appraisal. ARD Medical Journal of Medicine, 1(2), 28-32.
  • Chukwuneke, F.N., & Umeora, O.U.J. (2010). Enrolment and retention of African women in biomedical research: the challenges. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 19(2), 132-135.
  • Irabor, D.O. (2010). Confidentiality and privacy in public hospitals. Hektoen International Journal: A Journal of Medical Humanities, 2(2), ISSN 2155-3017. [download]
  • Kwagala, E., Wassenaar, D.R., & Ecuru, J. (2010). Payments and direct benefits in HIV/Aids related research projects in Uganda. Ethics & Behavior, 20(2), 95-109; doi:10.1080/1050842100359527. [download]
  • Nkrumah, M., Umeora, O.U.J., Okonta, P.I. (2010). Children's assent in biomedical research. Ebonyi Medical Journal, 9(2), 55-57.
  • Nyika, A., Chilengi, R., Ishengoma, D., Mtenga, S., Thera, M.A., Sissoko, M.S., Lusingu, J., Tiono, A.B., Doumbo, O., Sirima, S.B., Lemnge, M., & Kilama, W.L. (2010). Engaging diverse communities participating in clinical trials: case examples from across Africa. Malaria Journal, March 26;9:86. [download]
  • Ravinetto, R., Mbonile, L., & White, N. (2010). Ethical criterai in clinical research in developing countries: is there a global standard? Giornale Italiano di Medicina Tropicale, 15(1-4), 1-8. [download]


  • Boga, M., Davies, A., Kamuya, D., Kinyanjui, S.M., Kivaya, E., Kombe, F., Lang, T., Marsh, V., Mbete, B., Mlamba, A., Molyneux, C.S., Mulupi, S., & Mwalukore, S. (2011). Strengthening the informed consent process in international health research through community engagement: The KEMRI-Wellcome Trust research programme experience. PLos Medicine, 8(9), 1-4. [download]
  • Munung, N.S., Chi, P.C., Oukem-Boyer, O.O., & Tangwa, G.B. (2011). How often are ethics approval and informed consent reported in publications on health research in Cameroon? A five-year review. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal, 6(3), 93-97; doi:10.1525/jer.2011.6.3.93. [download]
  • Ndebele, P. (2011). Setting global standards for the responsible conduct of research in academic institutions: a proposal. Research Global, 6-7.
  • Ndebele, P. (2011). Research Ethics in The Sage Handbook of Health Care Ethics by R Chadwick, H ten Have & E Meslin (Eds.), pp 306-325.
  • Okonta, P.I., & Umeora, O.U.J. (2011). The role of bioethics in fostering integrity in health research in Nigeria. African Journal of Tropical Medicine & Biomedical Research, 2, 45-53.
  • Sikweyiya, Y.M., & Jewkes, R. (2011). Disclosure of child murder: a case study of ethical dilemmas in research. South African Medical Journal, 101(3), 164-169. [download]
  • Sikweyiya, Y., & Jewkes, R. (2011). Perceptions about safety and risks in gender-based violence research: implications for the ethics review process. Culture, Health & Sexuality, doi:10.1080/13691058.2011.604429. [download]
  • Sikweyiya, Y., & Jewkes, R. (2011). Peceptions and experiences of research participants on gender-based violence community survey: implications for ethical guidelines. PLos One, 7(4):e35495. [download]


  • Andanda, P., Away, P., Ndebele, P., Onigbogi, O., Udatinya, D., & Mwondela, M. (2012). The ethical and legal regulations of HIV-vaccine research in Africa: lessons from Cameroon, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda & Zambia. African Journal of AIDS Research, 10(4), 451-463. [download]
  • IJsselmuiden, C., Marais, D., Wassenaar, D., & Mokgatla-Moipolai, B. (2012). Mapping African ethical review committee activity onto capacity needs: the MARC initiative and HRWeb's interactive database of RECs in Africa. Developing World Bioethics. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2012.00325.x. [download]
  • Jewkes, R., Sikweyiya, Y., Nduna, M., Shai, N.J., & Dunkle, K. (2012). Motivations for, and perceptions and experiences of participating in, a cluster randomised controlled trial of a HIV-behavioural intervention in rural South Africa. Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care. doi:10.1080/13691058.2012.717305. [download]
  • Okonta, P.I., & Rossouw, T. (2012). Prevalence of scientific misconduct among a group of researchers in Nigeria. Developing World Bioethics. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2012.00339.x, 1-9. [download]


  • Kamuya, D.M., Marsh, V., Kombe, F.K., Geissler, P.W., & Molyneux, S.C. (2013). Engaging communities to strengthen research ethics in low-income settings: selection and perceptions of members of a network of representatives in Coastal Kenya. Developing World Bioethics, 13(1), 10-20. doi:10.1111/dewb.12014. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Marsh, V., Kombe, F., Fitzpatrick, R., Williams, T.N., Parker, M., & Molyneux S. (2013). Consulting communities on feedback of genetic findings in international health research: sharing sickle cell disease and carrier information in coastal Kenya. BMC Medical Ethics, 2013;14:41. Accessible at   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-14-41. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Marsh, V., Mocamah, G., Mabibo, E., Kombe, F., & Williams, T.N. (2013). The "Difficult Patient" conundrum in sickle cell disease in Kenya: Complex sociopolitical problems need wide multidimensional solutions. The American Journal of Bioethics, 13(4), 20-22. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Ndebele, P. (2013). The Declaration of Helsinki, 50 years later. JAMA. 2013 Nov 27;310(20):2145-6.  Accessible at or [download]  
  • Sikweyiya, Y., Jewkes, R., & Dartnall, E. (2013). Men's perspectives on participating in violence against women perpetration research. Agenda, 27(1), 40-48. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Sikweyiya, Y., & Jewkes, R. (2013). Potential motivations for and perceived risks in research participation: Ethics in health research. Qualitative Health Research, 23(7), 999-1009. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Umeora, O.U.J., & Chukwuneke, F.N. (2013). Ethical dilemma and management of infertility in HIV seropositve discordant couples: A case study in Nigeria. Annals of Medical & Health Sciences Research, 3(1), 99-101. doi:10.4103/2141-9248.109460.
  • Umeora, O.U.J., & Okonta, P.I. et al (2013). Is there a place for mandatory HPV vaccination in Nigeria? Public health human rights and ethical considerations. Nigerian Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Resarch, 6(1), 5-11.  
  • Uzoma Manafa, O., Lindegger, G., & IJsselmuiden, C. (2013). Informed consent in a clinical trial: particpants' satisfaction of the consent process and voluntariness of participation. Online Journal of Health Ethics, 3(1) (based on 2006 SARETI work assignment at UKZN). [download]   


  • Chukwuneke, F.N., Umeora, O.U.J., Maduabuchi, J.U., & Egbunike, N. (2014). Global bioethics and culture in a pluralistic world: How does culture influence bioethics in Africa? Annals of Medicine & Health Sciences Research 2014;4:672-675. [download]  
  • Dal-Re, R., Ndebele, P., Higgs, E., Sewankambo, N., & Wendler, D. (2014). Protections for clinical trials in low and middle income countries need strengthening not weakening. BMJ 2014;340:g4254. doi:10.1136/bmj.g4254.
  • Kombe, F., Anunobi, E.N., Tshifuluga, N.P., Wassenaar, D.R., Njadingwe, D., Mwalukore, S., Chinyama, J., Randrianasolo, B., Akindeh, P., Dlamini, P.S., Ramiandrisoa, F.N., & Ranaivo, N. (2014). Promoting research integrity in Africa: an African voice of concern on research misconduct and the way forward. Developing World Bioethics, 14(3), 158-166. ISSN 1471-8731 (print); 1471-8847 (online). [download]    
  • Munalula-Nkandu, E., Ndebele, P., Siziya, S., & Munthali, J.C. (2014). To what did they consent? Understanding consent among low literacy participants in a microbicide feasibility study in Mazabuka, Zambia. Developing World Bioethics. doi:10.1111/dewb.12069.
  • Mutenherwa, F., & Wassenaar, D. (2014). Ethics review of social and behavioural research in an African context. In M. Kruger, P. Ndebele & L. Horn (Eds.), Research Ethics in Africa: A resource for research ethics committees: SUN MeDIA Stellenbosch; Stellenbosch.
  • Ndebele, P., Blanchard-Horan, C., Shahkolahi, A., & Sanne, I. (2014). Regulatory challenges associated with conducting multicountry clinical trials in resource-limited settings. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2014;65:S29.  
  • Okonta, P.I. (2014). Ethics of clinical trials in Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal, 55(3), 188-194. [download] 
  • Okonta, P.I., Otene, C.I., & Umeora, O.U.J. (2014). Nigerian surgeons' perspectives on information disclosure for informed consent for surgery. Nigerian Research Journal of Clinical Sciences, 4(1), 1-9. [download] 
  • Okonta, P.I., & Rossouw, T. (2014). Misconduct in research: a descriptive survey of attitudes, perceptions and associated factors in a developing country. BMC Medical Ethics, 2014, 15:25. [download]
  • Umeora, O.U.J., Umeora, M.C., Emma-Echiegu, N.B., & Chukwuneke, F.N. (2014). Surrogacy in Nigeria: Legal, ethical, socio cultural, psychological and religious musings. African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2014: 13:105-109. [download]


  • Adewale, B., Schoeman, L., & Rossouw, T. (2015). Knowledge and perceptions of research participants in Nigeria about clinical trials. Indican Journal of Medical Ethics, 12(4), 196-198. [download]
  • Chukwuneke, F.N. (2015). Ethics of palliative care in late-stage cancer management and end-of-life issues in a depressed economy. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2015; 18:S15-S19. doi:10.4103/1119-3077.170824. Accessible at or [download]
  • Folayan, M., Oyedeji, K.S., & Fatusi, O.A. (2015). Community members' engagement with and involvement in genomic research: Lessons to learn from the field. Developing World Bioethics, 15: 1-7. doi:10.1111/dewb.12020. [download]
  • Kombe, F. (2015). Enhancing quality and integrity in biomedical research in Africa: An international call for greater focus, investment and standardisation in capacity strengthening for frontline staff. BMC Medical Ethics, 12/2015; 16(1). doi:10.1186/s12910-015-0071-3. Accessible at or [download]    
  • Jao, I., Kombe, F., Mwalukore, S., Bull, S., Parker, M., Kamuya, D., Molyneux, S., & Marsh, V. (2015). Research stakeholders' views on benefits and challenges for public health research data sharing in Kenya: The importance of trust and social relations. PLos One, 09/2015; 10(9):e0135545. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135545. Accessible at or [download] 
  • Jao, I., Kombe, F., Mwalukore, S., Bull, S., Parker, M., Kamuya, D., Molyneux, S., & Marsh, V. (2015). Involving research stakeholders in developing policy on sharing public health research data in Kenya: Views on fair process for informed consent, access oversight, and community engagement. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 07/2015; 10(3):264-77. doi:10.1177/1556264615592385. Accessible at or [download]      
  • Njue, M., Molyneux, S., Kombe, F., Mwalukore, S., Kamuya, D., & Marsh, V. (2015). Benefits in cash or in kind? A community consultation on types of benefits in health research on the Kenyan coast. PLos One, 05/2015; 10(5):e0127842. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127842. Accessible at or [download]
  • Okonta, P.I. (2015). Obstetrics and gynaecology students' knowledge of the informed consent process and its practice in their training institutions. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 18(4), 445-452. [download]


  •  Anane-Sarpong, E., Wangmo, T., Sankoh, O., Tanner, M., & Elger, B. (2016). Application of ethical principles to research using public health data in the global south: Perspectives from Africa. Developing World Bioethics. doi:10.1111/dewb.12138. Accessible at or [download]   
  • Kasule, M., Wassenaar, D.R., IJsselmuiden, D., & Moipolai, B., (2016). Improving quality and efficiency of research ethics committees to enhance public health practice in Africa. In D.H. Barrett, L. Ortmann, A. Dawson, C. Saenz, A. Reis & G. Bolan (Eds.) Chapter in Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe, pp. 310-314. New York: Springer.   
  • Kasule, M., Wassenaar, D.R., IJsselmuiden, C., & Mokgatla, B. (2016). Silent voices: Current and future roles of African research ethics committee administrators. IRB Ethics & Human Research, 38(1), 13-19. Accessible at or [download]     
  • Mokgatla, B., Bahati, P., & IJsselmuiden, C. (2016). Improving the efficiency of African research ethics committees and standardising ethics review processes - through an automated review platform. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 32, 73-73. Accessible at or [download]   
  • Mwaka, E.S. (2016). Ethical issues in translational research: From the bench to theatre. The Annals of African Surgery, 13(2), 42-44. doi: Accessible at or [download]  
  • Ralefala, D., Ali, J., Kass, N., & Hyder, A. (2016). A case study of researchers' knowledge and opinion about the ethical review process for research in Botswana. Research Ethics, Nov 3, 2016. 10.1177/1747016116677250. Accessible at http://journals.
  • Slack, C., Thabete, S., Lindegger, G., Matandika, L., Newman, P., Kerr, P., Wassenaar, D., Roux, S., & Bekker, L-G. (2016). "... I've gone through this my own self, so I practice what I preach" ...: Strategies to enhance understanding and other valued outcomes in HIV vaccine trials in South Africa. Journal of Empirical Research in Human Research Ethics, 11(4), 322-333.



  • Anane-Sarpong, E., Wangmo, T., Sankoh, O., Tanner, M., & Elger, B.S. (2018). Application of ethical principles for research using public health data in the global south: Perspectives from Africa. Developing World Bioethics, 18(2), 98-108.  Accessible at or [download]
  • Ben-Jacob, M.G., Jones, N.L., Brock, R.W., Moore, K.H., Ndebele, P., & Thabane, L. (2018). Putting a positive spin on ethics teaching. International Journal of Ethics Education, 3(2), 125-133. Accessible at or [download]
  • Mutenherwa, F., Wassenaar, D.R., & de Oliveira, T. (2018). Ethical issues associated with HIV phylogenetics in HIV transmission dynamics research: A review of the literature using the Emanuel framework. Developing World Bioethics, 2018, 1-11. Accessible at or [download]  
  • Mutenherwa, F., Wassenaar, D.R., & de Oliveira, T. (2018). Experts' perspectives on key ethical issues associated with HIV phylogenetics as applied in HIV transmission dynamics research. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. Accessible at
  • Nyirenda, D., Gooding, K., Sambakunsi, R., Seyama, L., Mfutso-Bengo, J., Taylor, L.M., ... Matandika, L., ... & Parker, M. (2018). Strengthening ethical community engagement in contemporary Malawi [version1; referees: 1 approved]. Wellcome Open Research, 3:115. Accessible at
  • Ochieng, J., Mwaka, E., Kwagala, B., & Sewankambo. N. (2018). Evolution of research ethics in a low resource setting: The case of Uganda. Developing World Bioethics. Accessible at or [download] 
  • Ralefala, D., Ali, J., Kass, N., & Hyder, A. (2018). A case study of researchers' knowledge and opinions about the ethical review process for research in Botswana. Research Ethics, 14(1), 1-14. Accessible at or [download]
  • Serwadda, D., Ndebele, P., Grabowski, M.K., Bajunirwe, F., & Wanyenze, R.K. (2018). Open data sharing and the global south - who benefits? Science, 359(6376), 642-643. doi:10.1126/science.aap8395. Accessible at or [download] 
  • Sullivan, K.A., Little, M., Rosenberg, N.E., Mtande, T., Zimba, C., Jaffe, E., ... & Lyerly, A.D. (2018). Women's views about a paternal consent requirement for biomedical research in pregnancy. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 13(4), 349-362. Accessible at
  • Wangmo, T., Hauri, S., Gennet, E., Anane-Sarpong, E., Provoost, V., & Elger, B.S. (2018). An update on the 'empirical turn' in bioethics: analysis of empirical research in nine bioethics journals. BMC Medical Ethics, BMC open series, 19:6. Accessible at or [download] 
  • Ward, C.L., Shaw, D., Anane-Sarpong, E., Sankoh, O., Tanner, M., & Elger, B. (2018). The ethics of health care delivery in a pediatric malaria vaccine trial: The perspectives of stakeholders from Ghana and Tanzania. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 13(1), 26-41. Accessible at 
  • Ward C.L., Shaw, D., Anane-Sarpong, E., Sankoh, O., Tanner, M., & Elger, B.S. (2018). The ethics of end-of-trial obligations in a pediatric malaria vaccine trial: The perspectives of stakeholders from Ghana and Tanzania. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 13(3), 258-269. Accessible at 


  • Mtande, T.S., Weijer, C., Hosseinipour, M.C., Taljaard, M., Matoga, M., Goldstein, C.E., Nyambalo, B., & Rosenberg, N.E. (2019). Ethical issues raised by cluster randomised trials conducted in low-resource settings: identifying gaps in the Ottawa Statement through an analysis of the PURE Malawi trial. Journal of Medical Ethics Published Online, 2019;0:1-6. Accessible at or [download]
  • Van Zyl, C., Kombe, F., Okonta, P., & Rossouw, T. (2019). Promoting research integrity and avoiding misconduct - Perspectives on and from Africa. In Social Science Research Ethics in Africa (pp. 143-163). Springer, Cham.  

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